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The government is responsible for ensuring the smooth management of the people and the resources owned by the state. The governing process is intended to follow the roles and achieve aims set forth by the official power. The government is divided into three arms which are the legislative, the judicial, and the executive. Each of these branches performs different functions. The government, in general, fulfills many duties, for example, implementing the constitution, formulating policies that guide the country, managing the country’s budget and human resources, and ensuring that the security of the country is maintained and the nation’s economic strength is increased. This paper is aimed at discussing the roles of the government in details.

Duties of the Government

The first fundamental role of any government is implementing the constitution of the country. The government has the primary responsibility to ensure that the constitution is followed to the letter. Its numerous bodies, like the judicial system and the police service, serve to guarantee that the constitution is followed by everyone and all the offenders are brought to justice. The police service arrests the criminals and takes them to court where the judicial system determines the punishment that the offender will face for his or her violation. The constitution outlines all the instructions for different cases of violation and the punishment for them, and the government’s job is to implement these provisions (PAD1113 Development and Structure).

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The government is responsible for making and fulfilling policies that guide the people of the state. Through the policy making process, the official power identifies a problem in the country, analyses it finding the involved parties and their share in it, and then defines the nature of the said problem. The government then formulates solutions to these problems and alternatives in case the first methods would not be effective. Once the government through its legislative body has produced solutions to these issues, it adopts the most appropriate one and then tries to facilitate its implementation into the country (Policymaking Process Revised). For effective enforcing the policy, the government must ensure that proper communication is organized to simplify collaboration between the involved parties in the implementation process. Moreover, it is important to provide the adequate resources to facilitate the application. Additionally, the government should make sure that the attitude towards fulfilling the said policy is positive as a negative one may interfere with the process. Lastly, the government should empower standard operating procedures that direct the managers of the timeframes, resources’ use, and also challenges to be faced during the implementation process.

The government performs the budget allocation process for the nation. It is responsible for the collection of revenue from the public through established policies and procedures, and then, based on the amount of money received, elaborating the country’s budget for the next financial year. Most of the government’s revenue is obtained from taxes. At the same time, some middle-class and third world countries may also rely on donor funds from the much superior states (Federalism Budget Finance). The government, after collecting these taxes, formulates a plan for spending this revenue in the next year that is called the budget. The government specifies the amount of money that will be received by the different sectors such as the economy, the infrastructure, the salaries and the wages, medical care and health, and many other numerous areas that need funds for the development.

Another role of the government is the management of human resources. From this perspective, the task is to ensure that the human population is able to obtain the necessary set of skills required in the economy witnessed by the authority’s encouragement of its individuals to pursue higher learning so as to acquire knowledge. The government allocates lots of money for the education sector so as to guarantee that this industry produces very skilled workforce to promote the productivity of the nation. To manage human resources, the government creates employment opportunities for the people so as to reduce the unutilized potential in the country and the level of unemployment (Human Resources).

The official power has the duty to provide the safety to the citizens and the resources present in the region under its rule. The government is responsible for establishing security institutions and recruiting security personnel for the defense of the state. Through the police service including the regular police, the army, border patrol, the navy seals, and the flying squad, the government ensures that the country is safe both on land, at sea and in the air (Government Performance). Moreover, it is a vital responsibility of the authority to provide the necessary equipment, training, and financing for these institutions. For example, the US Army is responsible for the protection of the resources and the people of the United States of America. More specifically, the US Navy ensures that the water bodies surrounding the United States are safe.

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The government is also responsible to make or support the country’s economy stable and strong. This is achieved by the creation of economic policies which main aim is to strengthen the trade leverage of the country and the nation’s currency, and also improve the financial position of the country globally. The government enters into contracts and agreements that increase its trade relations with other countries, thus, in turn, improving its financial position in the globe (Leadership). For example, the United Nations is an intergovernmental organization between many states that allows for improved trade between nations, thus increasing the market size of every country involved and promoting international cooperation.


The government is an oversight body that formulates and implements the constitution that establishes fundamental instructions on how the country should be run, and also determines the duties and responsibilities of citizens, leaders, and the authority itself. The government is also entitled to ensure that the economy of the country is stable, the security is strong, and the human resources are utilized effectively.

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